Monday, February 6th, 2023

These children should be vaccinated against meningitis at any cost

Children are at risk of many infections during the neonatal period, childhood and adolescence. One such disease occurring in childhood is meningitis. However, parents need not worry much about this disease as there is a vaccine available which can protect children from this dreaded disease.

It is an inflammation of the meninges – the tissues that line the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis can affect people of any age. However, immunocompromised individuals are at the highest risk of developing the condition and serious complications.

How does meningitis affect children?

Meningitis is caused by bacterial, fungal and viral infections. Bacterial meningitis can affect children when they come in contact with an infected person, inhale infected respiratory droplets in the air, or touch infected surfaces and then touch their nose, mouth, or eyes.

Viral meningitis can spread through personal contact, while fungal meningitis can spread when children inhale infected fungal spores.

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Symptoms of bacterial meningitis

Symptoms of the disease in children are fever, lethargy, stiff neck, severe headache, and vomiting and confusion.

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Vaccine for children

The meningitis vaccine is safe for children. From the point of view of infection, slight headache, redness, swelling and can cause mild fever, which is also commonly seen with all other vaccines. If any other severe reaction is observed after vaccination, consult your doctor for the same.

Who should get vaccinated

Health experts recommend vaccination to prevent meningitis caused by S. pneumoniae, and H. influenzae is given to all infants. Vaccination is also available for N. meningitis.

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They definitely get vaccinated

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) if the child has a rare immune system disease, lives in an area where meningitis outbreaks have been reported, is traveling to a country where meningitis is common, is taking medications that suppress the immune system If they have spleen damage or have had their spleen removed, they are advised to get the meningitis vaccine.

photo credit: pexels

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