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Saturday, July 20th, 2024

The most intense heat since 1951, not only days but nights are also hot… know when the weather will change

New Delhi: Half of the country is scorching due to extreme heat. The scorching sun during the day and the heat waves have already increased the problems of the common people. Now the nights are also getting very hot. According to meteorologists, this year is the hottest since 1951. The maximum effect is visible in more than 50 percent of the north-west India. Statistics show that this year’s extreme heat has created painful conditions for millions of people across the country. At least 50 percent of the north-west India, Delhi, Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan are experiencing perhaps the longest heat ever.

A large part of the country is facing severe heat

This heat in the north, east and north-west of the country is very painful because the temperature is rising abnormally even at night. Scientists of the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) are calling it ‘hot nights’, which common people are witnessing. Scientists and doctors say that high temperatures during the day and night have created such conditions that cause extreme heat effects on the body. The people who are most affected by this are those who do not have air conditioners or coolers. This is further aggravated by the lack of availability of cold water.

The temperature is rising not only during the day but also at night

For example, severe heat is troubling people in many areas of Delhi. During this time, the water crisis is increasing their problems manifold. According to the data, in more than half of north-western India, the maximum temperature was 40 degrees Celsius or more almost every day for the last 33 days i.e. between 16 May and 17 June. This is the longest 40 degree plus temperature since 1951 in most parts of Delhi, Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan. Almost half of Gujarat and more than a third of Uttar Pradesh are facing the worst heat since 1951 this time. 1951 is the first year for which data is available regarding heat. This shows how severe heat people are facing this time.

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Not only the maximum but also the minimum temperature is rising

High day temperatures are part of the problem, but it does not fully explain why this year’s heat is so miserable. For this, meteorologists are also pointing to high temperatures at night. This is the time when people expect relief. IMD Director General M. Mahapatra said that the day temperature is very high. So naturally the nights are not that cold. If the maximum temperature is between 45-46 degrees Celsius, then you cannot expect the night temperature to be normal. Hot nights are declared only when the maximum temperature is 40 degrees Celsius or more. It is defined on the basis of the difference in the actual minimum temperature. Hot nights occur when the minimum temperature is 4.5 degrees Celsius to 6.4 degrees Celsius above normal.

presswire18 TimesUff! Leave aside the day, the heat is making you restless even at night, know when we will get relief

Monsoon is also stuck in the middle, know when it will move forward

Mahesh Palawat, Vice President, Climate and Meteorology, Skymet Weather, said that nights are getting hotter these days. Monsoon has not been able to move beyond central India since June 11, which has further increased the difficulties. Palawat said that we hope that the monsoon will gain strength in a few days, which can help in controlling the rising temperature. Meanwhile, doctors say that a huge increase is being seen in heat-related diseases and emergencies. Analysis of maximum temperature shows that the weather remained hot in most parts of the northern plains. There was not a single day when the maximum temperature went below 40 degrees Celsius in many places in Rajasthan, Haryana, northern Madhya Pradesh and southern Uttar Pradesh.

Record breaking heat in UP, Delhi-Haryana-Punjab are also burning

Prayagraj in Uttar Pradesh experienced heatwave conditions for six days between May 18 and May 31. There have been 14 such days this month till June 17 when the effect of heatwave was seen. The highest ever temperature of 48.8 degrees Celsius was also recorded here on May 28. According to the IMD’s daily heatwave data, western Uttar Pradesh has recorded 26 heatwave days since March 2024, while eastern UP has had 22 such days. Delhi and Haryana have also recorded 23 heatwave days, most of them in the last one month. Bathinda in Punjab and Rohtak in Haryana have been the hottest places in both states on an average. In Barmer in Rajasthan, 90 per cent of the area did not have a single day below 40 degrees Celsius, and the maximum temperature last month ranged between 45-50 degrees Celsius.

Everyone is troubled by the heat even in the mountains

The Himalayas were also not untouched by the scorching heat this year. On Monday, Kathua in Jammu recorded a temperature of 47.6 degrees Celsius, the highest for any place in Jammu and Kashmir. The temperature in the Jammu region has been above 40 degrees Celsius almost every day since May 18. Temperatures have remained above 30 degrees Celsius since May 23 in hill stations like Shimla and Dharamsala in Himachal Pradesh and Mussoorie and Nainital in Uttarakhand, while some places like Una in Himachal Pradesh and Roorkee in Uttarakhand have reached close to 45 degrees Celsius. The IMD has predicted that heatwave conditions will persist at least till June 20. A red category warning has been issued for extreme heat in Uttar Pradesh till June 20. A red category warning means that local authorities need to take steps to prevent heat-related emergencies. At the same time, the average rainfall in the month of June across the country is likely to be less than normal this time.

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