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Tuesday, July 23rd, 2024

After losing the 1971 war, Pakistan provoked Bhindranwale, during Operation Blue Star, the army had entered the Golden Temple without shoes and belts

OPERATION BLUE STAR Pakistan, agitated by the creation of Bangladesh, adopted the strategy of exacerbating India’s internal problems. General Zia-ul-Haq created a military doctrine named Bleed India with a Thousand Cuts, through which a strategy of inflicting wounds at different places in India was adopted. In this episode, separatism was supported in Punjab. This problem grew so much that the Indian Army had to carry out Operation Blue Star. This operation lasted from 1 June to 10 June, 1984.


  • In 1976, Pakistani Army Chief General Zia-ul-Haq adopted the strategy of wounding India
  • Pakistan supported separatist leader Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and also helped him/her financially
  • Major General Brar had taken command of Operation Blue Star, freed the area from separatists
New Delhi: Operation Bluestar was carried out by the army to free the Khalistan terrorist Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale from the holy Sikh shrine Golden Temple. This operation was carried out from 1st to 10th June. To understand how Operation Bluestar came to be, we have to go back in history to 1971. It was then, when a war broke out between India and Pakistan and India defeated Pakistan. A new nation Bangladesh was born from this war. In this, Pakistan realized that it can never defeat India in a face-to-face war. This is the story of Operation Bluestar, which was carried out by the army from 1st to 10th June 1984.

General Zia made a strategy to hurt India

In 1976, Pakistani Army Chief General Zia-ul-Haq created a military doctrine. Its name was Bleed India with a Thousand Cuts. Under this, it was decided that we cannot defeat India in a direct war, so we will attack India from different places and give it deep wounds. This will worsen India’s internal security situation. General Zia later became the President of Pakistan by leading a coup.

Operation Blue Star lasted from 1 June to 10 June

Why did Punjab become the target of Zia-ul-Haq?

According to Defence and Strategic Analyst Lieutenant Colonel (Retd.) JS Sodhi, General Zia used his/her military doctrine in Punjab, India in 1980. Actually, at that time a political party had lost the elections, it started supporting a separatist leader Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale. Every right or wrong thing he/she did started being given importance. From that time onwards terrorism started to dominate Punjab. Even before this, Pakistan started supporting the demands of Khalistani militants in Punjab and started giving them money.

navbharat times40 years of Operation Blue Star on June 1, voting on 13 seats, understand the strategy of Lok Sabha elections in Punjab

Major General KS Brar took command of the operation

In his/her book ‘Operation Blue Star: The True Story’, Major General KS Brar, the military commander of Operation Blue Star, has written that he/she had received information that Khalistan was going to be declared in a few days and to stop it, it was necessary to carry out the operation as soon as possible. he/she was the one who drove out the Khalistani militants from the Golden Temple.

Operation Blue Star

This photo of Major General KS Brar, the military commander of Operation Blue Star, became history

Anandpur Sahib proposal and violent incidents fuelled the fire

The problem of Punjab began in the 1970s with the tussle in Akali politics and the demands of Akalis related to Punjab. In 1973 and 1978, Akali Dal passed the Anandpur Sahib resolution, in which they demanded autonomy. On these demands, there was a violent clash between Akalis and Nirankaris in Amritsar on 13 April 1978. 13 Akalis were killed in this. Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, the head of the Sikh Dharma Prachar Sansthan, took part in the Rosh Diwas. At that time, Congress was accused of supporting Bhindranwale to reduce the support base of Akalis. This is where the violent incidents started in Punjab.

When the fire of violence started spreading in Punjab

Defence and strategic analyst Lt. Col. (Retd.) JS Sodhi says that in September 1981, Lala Jagat Narain, editor of Punjab Kesari newspaper group, was killed. Many people lost their lives in violent incidents in Jalandhar, Tarn Taran, Amritsar, Faridkot and Gurdaspur. Bhindranwale’s name was linked to all these. It was also said that he/she was doing all this at the behest of Pakistan and with its money. Seeing people joining Bhindranwale, the Akali Dal also started supporting Bhindranwale. In 1982, Bhindranwale left Chowk Mehta Gurdwara and first made a place in Guru Nanak Niwas in the Golden Temple complex and a few months later he/she made a place in Akal Takht, the highest religious institution of the Sikhs.

Operation Blue Star

Murder of Punjab DIG and attack on CM

The then Chief Minister of Punjab, Darbara Singh, was attacked in 1982. In April 1983, DIG AS Atwal was shot dead in broad daylight in the Harmandir Sahib premises. After this incident, gunmen who entered a Punjab Roadways bus killed several Hindus near Jalandhar. The then Indira Gandhi government at the Centre dismissed the Congress government of Darbara Singh in Punjab. President’s rule was imposed in Punjab. The situation had gone out of hand. After this, Indira Gandhi took the decision of Operation Blue Star.

Operation Blue Star

Political parties and Pakistan started supporting Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale

Bhindranwale made an open barricade in the Golden Temple complex

According to the book, armed Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, court-martialed Major General Subheg Singh and Sikh Students Federation fighters had made heavy barricades all around the Golden Temple complex. Trains and buses passing through Punjab were stopped. The then military commander Major General KS Brar was given the responsibility of driving the militants out of the Golden Temple complex. This has also been mentioned in the book of Major General KS Brar, the military commander of Operation Blue Star. he/she was also called Bulbul Brar.

Operation Blue Star

This book of Major General KS Brar, the military commander of Operation Blue Star, remained in the news

Army soldiers took charge of the front by removing their shoes and belts

Operation Blue Star was carried out from 1 June. Army personnel entered the premises by removing their leather shoes and belts respecting the sanctity of the Golden Temple. On this action of the army, the militants started attacking from inside. Before that, the army appealed to the militants to surrender through loudspeakers for 4 hours. But, the militants started firing heavily in return. Then on 5 June, armored vehicles and tanks had to be used. Finally, Bhindranwale was killed on 6 June. The most horrific result of this operation was that the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated on 31 October 1984. After this, riots broke out in the country.

dinesh mishra

About the Author

dinesh mishra

Dinesh Mishra is an Assistant Editor at NBT Online. he/she started his/her journalism career with Dainik Jagran in 2010. In the last 14 years, he/she has gained experience in print, TV and digital in reputed organisations like Amar Ujala, Rajasthan Patrika and Dainik Bhaskar. he/she has been writing explainer and premium stories in categories like personal finance, politics, international news, feature, which connect directly with the readers.… Read more
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