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Tuesday, July 23rd, 2024

464 children die due to bad air in the country, shocking claim made in international report


New DelhiA recent international report is a sample of how dangerous the polluted air in Indian cities is. According to this report, on an average, 464 children under the age of 5 die every day in India due to polluted air. This report has been prepared by an American research institute ‘Health Effects Institute’ (HEI). The name of this report is ‘State of Global Air (SOGA) 2024’. Across India, including all age groups, about 21 lakh people died due to polluted air in 2021 alone. This report shows that polluted air has now become the second biggest cause of death, which comes second after high blood pressure. Polluted air is now proving to be more dangerous than tobacco and diabetes.

Dirty air is the cause of death of 80 million people worldwide

According to a report, in 2021, 81 million people died worldwide due to diseases caused by polluted air. The shocking thing is that every fourth of these deaths occurred in India. In the same year, 21 million people died in India and 23 million in China due to polluted air. That is, 55% of the deaths due to this poisonous air worldwide occurred in these two countries only. The report also states that this air is a major reason for the increase in non-communicable diseases (such as heart disease, lung cancer, diabetes, paralysis) in India. According to researcher Pallavi Pant, in 2021, 40% of deaths due to heart disease, 33% of deaths due to lung cancer, 20% of deaths due to type 2 diabetes, 41% of deaths due to paralysis and 70% of deaths due to COPD (lung disease) in India were linked to polluted air.

The most dangerous pollutant is PM2.5, which are very small particles present in the air. PM2.5 is responsible for 6 out of 10 deaths due to polluted air worldwide. Apart from this, polluted air inside homes and ozone gas also cause deaths, although their percentage is less (38% and 6% respectively).

The risk is there


Signs of danger for children

The “State of Global Air (SOGA)” report, prepared for the first time in collaboration with UNICEF, also highlights that millions of people develop respiratory diseases due to polluted air. The treatment of these diseases is very expensive, which puts a burden on hospitals, the economy and the entire society. According to the report, ‘Children under the age of five are the most affected by polluted air. This can lead to them being born prematurely, having low weight, asthma and lung diseases.’ In the year 2021, more than 7 lakh children under the age of 5 died worldwide due to polluted air. It is worth noting that after malnutrition, polluted air has become the second biggest cause of death for children of this age.

The report states that exposure to polluted air in young children can cause diseases like pneumonia (lung infection). One in every five children across the world dies from pneumonia. Apart from this, polluted air also causes asthma in older children, which is the most common respiratory disease. However, a government health official said that as per government rules, diseases caused by polluted air are not officially reported.

from bad to very bad

➤ 2019 | Air pollution was the 5th leading risk factor for death worldwide. It caused 5 million deaths worldwide (1 in every 10 deaths).
➤ 2020 | It became the fourth biggest threat to death. 67 lakh people died worldwide, including untimely death of 5 lakh children.
➤ 2021 | It has become the second biggest threat of death. 81 lakh people died worldwide, including 7 lakh children under the age of 5.

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